How to use PICO for Evidence Based Research
Outline the concepts of your PICO search with this video from Binghamton Univsersity Libraries
PICO Searches in CINAHL w/PICO SEARCH GRID
Have a PICO question? Prepare your search strategy ahead of time with this video from Purdue University Northwest.
YouTube videos from the PICO page of the Nursing Research Guide.
Then what is a Systematic Literature Review? The term systematic literature review is sometimes used interchangeably with literature review since ideally a literature review is conducted systematically. However, when evidence based practice and statistics become part of the picture and a research article is referred to as a systematic literature review, the two are often confused. If the article is, in fact, an empirical study of other primary research--a research study of research studies, then the term systematic review (or meta-analysis) should be looked for instead.
The Difference Between a Systematic Review and a Literature Review and Why It Matters
Kysh, Lynn. Difference between a systematic review and a literature review. Figshare. 2013. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.766364.v1
"A systematic review is a summary of the medical literature that uses explicit and reproducible methods to systematically search, critically appraise, and synthesize on a specific issue. It synthesizes the results of multiple primary studies related to each other by using strategies that reduce biases and random errors. To this end, systematic reviews may or may not include a statistical synthesis called meta-analysis, depending on whether the studies are similar enough so that combining their results is meaningful."
Search strategy will vary depending on how firm your PICO question is.
Have you already been given a PICO question by your professor or preceptor? Do you already have a research article and want to find others like it? Or, are you developing a new PICO question and need to find what direction the research has taken on a particular topic?
Cressman Library, Rm 304
Cressman Library, Rm
PsycArticles/PsycInfo | Nutrition journals indexed in the APA databases, for example:
Nutrition journals at SpringerLink / SpringerNature, for example:
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Nutrition journals at Wiley, for example:
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, JPEN
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
Explore relevant terminology with CINAHL Subject Headings. To help define your terminology refer to the Scope Notes.
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